Biome Habitat Map
Best Birding in Kruger

This Kruger Park Habitat map will provide some understanding of the vegetation overlying the rock and soil-types which pretty much determines the type and density of bird populations, which in turn, in some instances is also connected to the activities of the animal life.

Biomes Map

Sandveld - predominantly sandy soils; diverse vegetation; baobabs very noticeable; dramatic sandstone ridges 

Wooded savanna on shale - mixed knobthorn, marula and bushwillow woodlands and thorn thickets; good grazing; leadwoods along the drainage lines 

Mopane-dominated woodland on mixed soils - mopane and bushwillow species on low rolling hills; mopane takes stunted or tree form depending on soil conditions; elephants favour this habitat 

Open savanna grassland with stunted mopane - open sweetveld grasslands, mainly on basalt; low game carrying capacity because of poor soils and low rainfall; very little woodland 

Mopane-dominated woodlands on granite - mopane in tree and intermediate form, mixed in with pockets of bushwillow and acacia species; lower game densities because of sourveld 
grazing 

Lebombo - low, arid rhyolite hills with euphorbia and succulents on the hill crests and woodlands; riverine forest in the gorges between the rocky outcrops 

Mixed woodland with sweet grazing - knobthorn and marula woodlands, dense in places with pockets of grassland; good game viewing habitat 

Olifants rugged veld - coarse stony soils with lots of black rock, mixed thornveld and woodlands with mixed grazing 

Mixed thorn and marula woodlands on granite - low, rolling hills with bushwillows and acacias; sweeter grazing along the drainage lines; lots of marula trees 

Open savanna grassland on basalt - sweet, nutritious grazing on open plains; pans fill up quickly in summer; lots of large grazing herds and the predators that hunt them 

Pretoriuskop sourveld - large, bare granite domes and silver cluster leaf-dominated, high rainfall woodlands; sourveld grasses favoured more by browsers than grazers 

Malelane mountain bushveld - tall, granite koppies with pockets of mixed knobthorn sweetveld; high species diversity because of good rainfall 

Mixed woodland and thorn thickets - mostly in the lower contours of the catchment areas along
 

Best Birding Guide to Kruger Park
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